One-person company (OPC) is an abbreviation for a business founded with just one person (single person) as a member, as opposed to the conventional method of having at least two members.
The idea of OPC is not unknown to people all around the globe. This idea has, over time, been officially acknowledged by the law in many countries, including the United Kingdom (2006), the United States of America (also known as a Limited Liability Company in the US), China (2005), Singapore (2004), Turkey (2012), the United Arab Emirates, and Pakistan (2003).
What Is a One-Person Company (OPC)?
The idea of a company run by a single person is extremely novel. It provides individual entrepreneurs with all of the advantages accessible to businesses, such as credit, bank loans, access to the market, restricted liability, and legal protection provided to organizations by attaining legal status and perpetuity.
Implementing the idea of a One-Person Company will open up many doors for entrepreneurs and merchants operating on a smaller scale, including those engaged in the handloom, handicrafts, and ceramics industries.
In the past, they were self-employed, working as weavers and artisans. Therefore, they did not have a firm that could be considered a legal organization.
However, at this point, an OPC form of organization would assist them in doing business as an enterprise. It would enable them to launch their endeavors with a formal organizational framework.
The shareholder of an OPC will nominate a nominee in an OPC. That nominee will become a member of that OPC if the original shareholder passes away or becomes unable to participate in the OPC.
When incorporating an OPC, you must submit specific information on these candidates.
How Can An One-Person Company (OPC) Attract Investors?
The following are some reasons why any Investors need to go with a one-person company. Below are the main benefits of OPC.
#1. Distinct legal entity
OPC is its distinct legal entity and is thus capable of doing all of the tasks that would normally fall to an entrepreneur.
#2. Simple Financing
It is a private business, and OPC can solicit funding from various sources, including venture capital firms, financial institutions, angel investors, etc.
An OPC has the potential to become a private limited company if it is successful in raising capital.
#3. An additional opportunity, less responsibility
One of the benefits of having a one-person company is that it provides greater chances and limited responsibility. Because the liability of the OPC is limited to the amount of the value of the share you have in the company, the individual can take more risks in business without having to worry about their assets being harmed or lost. Promoting new, youthful, and innovative start-up businesses is what this is.
#4. Single Owner
You, the owner, are the only one who can help make snap decisions, control and manage the firm, and do so without adhering to any drawn-out procedures and methods like those used by other businesses. The feeling of being a part of something bigger motivates the company’s expansion.
#5. Rating of creditability
It is possible that the OPC, which has a poor credit rating, will be granted the loan. If the rating of OPC is consistent with standards, the credit rating of OPC will not be a significant factor.
#6. Income Tax Law Benefits
In contrast to sole proprietorships, corporations are subject to the same rules regarding the deductibility of director compensation under income tax legislation. There are also other advantages to presumptive taxation that may be obtained, albeit they are subject to the Income Tax Act.
#7. No Minimum Capital Requirement
No defined minimum amount of capital must be present to achieve One-Person Company Registration. Instead, all that is needed is one person. Despite this, the maximum amount of authorized money for a company consisting of just one person must in no way go beyond the threshold level.
#8. A lower number of compliances
Compared to those that must be met by any other organization, the compliances that must be adhered to get an OPC registration are quite minimal. As a result, the registration of an OPC may be accomplished quickly and with a minimum of the necessary documentation.
Is One Person Company a private company?
One Person Company is formed as a private limited business with only one member and a ban on inviting the general public to subscribe to the company’s shares.
Which is better Pvt Ltd or OPC?
In terms of requirements for AGMs, Board Meetings, and other events, OPC has several exemptions compared to a Private Limited Company. The meetings do not need to be held like in a private firm since there is only one member and one director.
Which is the most preferred type of company by investors?
A private limited is the most typical legal form for a business to be incorporated. The advantage of this structure is that it limits the members’ responsibility to their portion of the capital.
What are the famous one-person company examples?
One-person companies (OPC) are represented by organizations such as Arkan Diary (OPC) Private Limited and Truffle House Private Limited, amongst others.