A heart abnormality during birth is known as congenital heart disease or a congenital heart defect. In simple words, congenital heart defect means your heart had an issue when you were born. It may be a small hole in your heart or something more serious. Even though these conditions are quite severe, a lot of people are treated with surgery. Visit a top Delhi heart hospital for a regular check and maintain your health record.
What Causes Congenital Heart Disease?
Congenital heart disease happens because of an early developmental issue in the heart’s structure. The deficiency usually hinders the normal flow of blood through the heart that may impact the breathing process. In many cases, doctors can diagnose this condition during the pregnancy stage. You may not see the symptoms until you become an adult or not see them at all, which is why it is not always possible to diagnose the condition. To know more about the disease, consult an expert at a reputed Delhi’s heart hospital.
Although some factors are known to increase the risk of this condition, including:
- A genetic disorder that influences a baby’s average physical growth and causes learning problems is called down’s syndrome.
- A mother, having some viral infection like rubella (German measles) during the first trimester of pregnancy.
- Some medications like statins, ace medicines, or consuming alcohol or smoking during pregnancy
- A mother having mismanaged type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- Various other chromosome defects, where genes may change from routine and can inherit (from the family)
At times, congenital heart disease is diagnosed before a baby is born during an ultrasound scan in pregnancy, but it is not possible to detect it’s defects in this manner.
How Is Congenital Heart Disease Treated?
Treatments for congenital heart disease mostly depend on the defect you or your child has. Minor imperfections like holes in the heart usually don’t require any treatment as they may refine on their own and may not lead to any further issues.
Surgery or interventional processes are mainly needed if the defect is significant and causing severe issues. A good Delhi heart hospital uses the latest surgical methods to restore most or all of the heart’s regular operation.
Though, people with this condition often require treatment throughout their life and hence need expert review during childhood and adulthood. It is necessary because some people with complex heart conditions can be exposed to further problems related to their heart rhythm or valves over time.
Also, most surgeries and interventional processes are not meant to be a cure. If you’re affected by this condition, then your ability to exercise can be limited, and they may require to take extra steps to protect themselves from getting infections. You and your parents must discuss such issues beforehand with their expert medical providers.
As congenital heart disease happens when you are just born, it is something that you’ll have to live with for the rest of your life. However, with the right treatment, guidance, and precautions, you can maintain proper health without any significant complications.